Om Prakash Kohli is Governor of Gujarat and a former member of Rajya Sabha. He was president of the Delhi unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party in 1999-2000. He served as a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1994 to 2000. He has been the president of the Delhi University Teacher’s Association (DUTA) and of the ABVP. Kohli is a Master of Arts in Hindi from the University of Delhi and was a lecturer at Hansraj College and Deshbandhu College for over 37 years. From 8 September 2016, he holds the additional charge of the office of Governor of Gujarat.

 

Kohli is an author and has written three books in Hindi as follows:

  • Rashtriya Suraksha Ke Morche Par
  • Shiksha Niti
  • Bhaktikal Ke Santon Ki Samajik Chetna.

He is under an oath to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution. As the first citizen of the State, the Governor is expected to give sagacious guidance in the governance of the State in accordance with the Constitutional provisions.

The Governor is expected to be a person of undoubted ability and position in public life. The Governor is expected to be free from the passions and jealousies of the local party politics and hold the scales impartially between the various factors in the politics of the State. The Governor not only represents the Centre, but as the head of the State, serves his people and faithfully fights their battles with the Centre. He keeps in mind the overall national interests, not partisan party interests. He is supposed to be in tune with the people of the State he represents. The Constitution empowers him to influence the decisions of an elected Government by giving him the right to be consulted, to warn and to encourage. His role is overwhelmingly that of a friend, philosopher and guide to his council of Ministers with unrivalled discretionary powers.

  • Governor is the executive head of the State Government. All executive authority of the State is vested in him. All executive decisions of the State Government are taken in his name. He makes rules for the transaction of the business of the Government and allocates different works among the Ministers.
  • He appoints the Chief Minister and on his advice, appoints other ministers to constitute his Council of Ministers. He may dismiss his ministers including the Chief Minister.
  • He makes high appointments such as those of Advocate General, Chairman and members of the State Public Service Commission, etc. He is consulted by the President in matters relating to the appointment of the Judges of the High Court of the State.
  • He has a right to be kept informed by the Chief Minister regarding necessary information about the administration of the State.
  • He can report to the President with regard to the breakdown of the Constitutional machinery in the State alongwith his recommendations regarding the imposition of the President’s rule under Article 356 of the Constitution.
  • He acts as the Chancellor of the State Universities.
  • The Governor summons and prorogues the session of the State Legislature.
  • On the advice of the Election Commission, he can decide the matter relating to the disqualification of the MLAs.
  • He can address the Legislative Assembly.
  • He has veto power. The Bill passed by the State Legislature are subject to his assent.
  • He can promulgate an Ordinance when the House is not in session.
  • A money Bill cannot be introduced in the State Legislature without his prior recommendation.
  • The Contingency Fund of the State is at his disposal. He can make advances out of it to meet an unforeseen expenditure pending its authorisation by the State Legislature.
  • He causes to be laid annual financial statement before the Legislature.
  • He causes to be laid the reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India relating to the accounts of the State before the Legislature.
  • He has the power to grant pardon to persons convicted by the courts of law or to remit or commute their sentence.
  • He enjoys personal immunity from all the civil and criminal proceedings during his term of office.
  • He may reserve any Bill for the consideration of the President after it is passed by the State Legislature on the plea that it is likely to be in conflict with a law or policy of the Union Government.
  • He can dissolve the Legislative Assembly on the advice of the Chief Minister or according to his best judgement.
  • He can permit initiation of legal proceedings against the serving or ex- Chief Minister involved in some alleged scandal or criminal wrong.